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2021 office leasing surpasses 2016-2018 avg; Occupancy improves in top 3 cities

  • Hyderabad leaped to the top three cities led by some large block deals in Q3 2021. Bengaluru accounted for the highest share at ~30%, followed by Delhi-NCR & Hyderabad at 19% & 18% respectively.
  • Flex spaces gained a significant share at 15% followed by the engineering and manufacturing sector at 12%. IT-BPM and technology sector remained dominant at 40% of the overall demand and buoyed the growth in leasing.
  • Leasing by start-ups up 56% in top 3 cities.

Gurugram, January 10, 2022: Overall office gross absorption across the top six cities was at about 33 million sq feet, 10% higher compared to 2020, as per Colliers. Pan-India absorption during the year surpassed the annual gross absorption during 2016-2018 by 7%, signalling a strong revival in occupier confidence. Occupancy levels rose in prominent office micro markets across the top 3 cities at the end of 2021 from Q3 2021, led by a gradual revival in demand and fewer occupier exits.

On a city level, all cities, except Bengaluru and Delhi-NCR have surpassed the annual average absorption of 2016-2018. Hyderabad had seen strong recovery gains in 2020 and maintained its streak in 2021 as well. It was followed by Chennai and Mumbai which gained significant scale during the year. This is attributable to a strong fourth quarter, building on the momentum witnessed during the previous quarter of the year.

Submarkets such as NCR’s MG Road, BKC in Mumbai and Bengaluru’s SBD and Whitefield saw higher occupancy QoQ after a gap of at least 6 quarters. At the same time, total pan-India vacancy levels stood at 18.5%, a merely 40-basis point increase from Q3 2021. 


 “The year 2021 has emerged to be better than expected, considering the devastating wave we saw during the year. Demand continues to be led by technology companies. However, we are seeing greater appetite for office space by start-ups. The year 2022 will even be better, even if the concerns of Covid-19 persist. Gross absorption in 2022 will be about 15-20% higher as occupier confidence is back in the market,” said Ramesh Nair, CEO, India and Managing Director, Market Development, Asia, Colliers.

Grade A gross absorption

City   (in million sq ft)2016-2018 (average)   (A)2020     (B)2021     (C)Market recovery %   (C/A)
Delhi NCR6.84.26.393%
Pan India30.930.133.0  107%  

Source: Colliers

*Note: 2019 was an exceptional year in terms of market performance, hence not considered for analysis


In terms of new supply, the year 2021 saw 35 million sq feet of supply, almost at similar levels of 2020 as developers exercised ‘wait-and-watch’ and aligned new supply in response to market demand.

“Office occupancy is likely to rise in prominent office districts with quality grade A stock. Occupiers have already started preferring next-generation offices. In tune with this, we expect supply in 2022 to be around 35-38 million sq feet, 4% higher than 2021 levels.” says Vimal Nadar, Senior Director and Head of Research, Colliers India.

Leasing by start-ups up 56% in top 3 cities

In the top three cities, start-ups leased about 2.2 million sq feet of space during 2021, a 56% rise from 2020. The biggest spurt was seen in Delhi-NCR where start-ups leased office spaces in Gurgaon largely. This comes at a time when India saw the 42 start-ups becoming unicorns – the highest ever.

Flex spaces expanding across peripheral and suburban locations


Flex spaces expanded at a fast pace this year led by occupiers’ hybrid and decentralised work plans. During the year flex spaces leased about 4.8 million sq feet of space, a 60% rise YoY.  Flex space leasing accounted for 15% of the leasing, compared to 9% share last year. Bengaluru accounted for maximum flex space leasing, followed by Hyderabad and Pune.

Operators are leasing space for new centers in suburban and peripheral locations as occupiers explore and adopt the decentralised way of working with hub and spoke-style offices, aligning with business continuity plans.

Delhi-NCR leasing up 50% led by demand for next-gen offices

Delhi NCR registered a 50% increase in leasing activity in 2021 on a YoY basis. Gurugram accounted for almost 64% share in leasing activity as many firms relocated to better quality buildings in upcoming micro markets such as Golf Course Extension Road and also centralized locations like Cyber City and MG Road. Recently delivered buildings are witnessing greater traction as occupiers consolidate their portfolios in Grade A buildings with better wellness standards. A similar trend is seen in other cities where occupiers are exploring next-generation offices to move into as developers and occupiers are committed to future-proof office spaces.