The bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh has thrown up new interesting possibilities of the lines along which the new state popularly called Seemandhra will develop. And once development sets in,it is only a question of time before the development centres becomes focal zones for realty.
The residual part of Andhra Pradesh, popularly known as the Seemandhra region, came into existence on the June 2,2014 after the new state of Telangana was formed. The capital city of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad is geographically part of Telangana,but will serve as the joint capital of the two states for the next 1Oyears.
The new Andhra Pradesh has immense potential for development due to its geographical location. It has the second largest coastline after Gujarat,and the state has five sea ports. It also has four airports, which significantly enhances the air connectivity of the cities. The NH-5, part of The Golden Quadrilateral (the highway network connecting Delhi,Mumbai,Chennai and Kolkata), passes through the key cities of the Seemandhra region, accounting for considerable strength in terms of road connectivity.
The key development clusters of Andhra Pradesh which can drive its growth are:
• North Cluster, Visakhapatnam
• North Central Cluster, Rajamundry and Kakinada
• Central Cluster,Vijayawada,Guntur,Tenali and Mangalgiri
• South Cluster, Tiruati, Nellqr and Ongole
NORTH CLUSTER KEY CITY VISAKHAPATNAM
Visakhapatnam, also known as the ‘City of Destiny’, is an important port city of Andhra Pradesh. Madhurawada, located in the north-east of the city along NH-5, is already developed as an IT hub, with information technology firms having been allocated land in this area to develop and start their operations. A few of these companies are already operational.
The south-west part of Visakhapatnam is home to Jawaharlal Nehru Pharma City (JNPC), the only pharmaceutical SEZ in India. Industrial developments such as the steel and power plants are located towards the south. The city’s two ports-Vizag Port and Gangavaram Port (the deepest port in India) -are on the south-east of the city.
Visakhapatnam is now emerging as a major healthcare hub, with Manipal Hospitals, Apollo Hospitals and Narayana Hrudayalaya planning to expand further in the city. It also has potential to develop on the film and tourism industry, given its scenic beauty. With many public sector units operational there, Vizag also has notable potential for development in coming years.
North Central Cluster I Key City
Rajahmundry and Kakinada
Rajahmundry, a city of great historical and religious relevance, is located on the bank of the Godavari and has huge tourism potential. With an airport located at Madhurapudi,it is well-connected to Hyderabad by air. Kakinada,located close to Rajahmundry,has a port and is part of the thriving PCPIR (Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Region). It is, in fact, an important base for ONGC. Also, the Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) Onshore Gas Terminal at Gadimoga is located at about 30 kilometres south of Kakinada. This city has immense development potential for industrial, warehousing and logistics development.
Central Cluster Key City Vijayawada, Guntur, Tenali and Mangalgiri
This cluster is most likely to house the new capital of Andhra Pradesh and is expected to become the financial centre of the state. The two growing areas within this cluster are Gannavaram and Guntur.
Vijayawada is traditionally a trading town and lies in the prime agricultural bed of Andhra Pradesh. The main economic base being agriculture, this city has considerable potential for development in terms of the food and agro industries.
An IT park is located at Gannavaram near Vijayawada Airport, and there is a proposed IT SEZ at Mangalagiri. The city is expanding along the NH-5, and the major growth is along the south corridor of N H-5 towards Guntur. Its proximity to Machilipatnam Port is a huge advantage for Vijayawada which, along with Guntur, is also home to many educational institutions. Together, they form an important educational hub of the state.
South Cluster I Key City, Tirupati, Nellore and Ongole
This cluster is located close to Chennai and Bangalore. Tirupati has a planned IT SEZ at Renigunta close to the airport, with the town along its east towards Renigunta. The city good growth potential, as it is almost equidistant to Chennai and Bangalore. Also, it is an important pilgrimage destination of India and therefore witnesses considerable tourism activity.
In Nellore, located 1 30 km from Tirupati, agriculture and aquaculture form the primary economic base of the city. However, it is gradually witnessing industrial development as Krishnapatnam Port is located there. The city has a distinct business spirit, as some key entrepreneurs of India hail from this district. In addition, Sri City – an industrial hub – is located in Nellore. This h u b is an integrated township development which h a s witnessed huge industrial investments. All factors considered, Nellore is likely to see considerable manufacturing-based industrial development in the future. Ongole, located 1 30 kilometres from Nellore, is also poised to develop on lines very similar to Nellore